Beyond Conviction Rates: Measuring Success in Sexual Assault Prosecution
Articles or Reports | April 1, 2014
This issue of STRATEGIES should serve as the first step toward improving sexual assault prosecution practices in a sustainable way by explaining how to implement performance measures to more accurately measures effective practices.
Biological Evidence Preservation Handbook: Best Practices for Evidence Handlers
Articles or Reports | April 1, 2013
Offers guidance for individuals involved in the collection, examination, tracking, packaging, storing, and disposition of biological evidence. This may include crime scene technicians, law enforcement officers, health care professionals, forensic scientists, forensic laboratory managers, evidence supervisors, property managers, storage facility personnel, lawyers, testifying experts, court staff members, and anyone else who may come in contact with biological evidence. While many of the recommendations relate to the physical storage, preservation, and tracking of evidence at the storage facility, this Handbook also covers the transfer of material between the storage facility and other locations and discusses how evidence should be handled at these other locations.
Black Women and Sexual Assault
Articles or Reports | October 1, 2018
This fact sheet reviews the rates of sexual assault among Black women and related dynamics, such as non-reporting and the role of stereotypic expectations.
Breaking Barriers: Improving Services for LGBTQ Human Trafficking Victims
Articles or Reports | June 1, 2015
This report provides valuable recommendations to service providers and criminal justice professionals, so that they may be better equipped to provide the specialized services and resources needed by LGBTQ trafficking victims and survivors. If the basic needs of LGBTQ youth continue to go unmet, these young people face a greater risk of returning to their trafficking situations.
Breaking Barriers: Supporting Survivors of Sexual Assault From Immigrant Communities
Articles or Reports | January 1, 2010
This publication is a chapter update to the Support for Survivors Training Manual, which was first published in 2001 by the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CALCASA). This chapter seeks to identify some of the critical issues affecting immigrant victims of sexual violence and to provide advocates with information, resources, and tools to address them. Immigration law is complex and always changing; therefore, it is crucial that advocates develop partnerships with immigration experts and attorneys.
Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates
Training Modules | March 1, 2013
This OnLine Training Institute (OLTI) module begins in with a discussion of the origins of victim advocacy and the general role of victim advocates, before going into more concrete discussion about the specific strategies that advocates use to successfully work on behalf of sexual assault within the criminal justice system. The training is especially focused on clarifying the similarities and differences between community-based victim advocates and system-based victim advocates, terms that are defined in the module.
Bridging the Language Divide: Promising Practices for Law Enforcement
Articles or Reports | February 1, 2009
The report is organized in eight sections. Each section begins by identifying a promising practice and then describes how programs at different police agencies illustrate that practice. For example, under Promising Practice #3, “Maximize Resources,” readers will find that the Oklahoma City Police Department evaluates officers’ language skills and then assigns them to tasks that match their abilities. Some agencies’ programs will appear in more than one section because different aspects of the program are good examples of more than one promising practice.
Brief History of EVAWI and Start by Believing
The purpose of this document is to explain the need for Start by Believing and other victim-centered and trauma-informed approaches, based on the barriers sexual assault victims have long faced when they disclose to loved ones and when they report the crime or reach out for services. These problems have constituted large-scale failures, and therefore the efforts to fix them have also been on a national scale. We review the research documenting these failures, and the movement to reform our systems to become victim-centered and trauma-informed. Start by Believing is best understood within the historical and cultural context of these larger movements.
Bringing Sexual Assault Offenders to Justice: Roll-Call Training Video
Videos | November 11, 2013
This video was developed to expand IACP’s law enforcement educational efforts on the crime of sexual assault and accompany the IACP Sexual Assault Investigative Strategies guidance and Supplemental Report Form.
Bruising in Older Adults
Tools & Templates
This 3-page guide highlights key points related to accidental and abuse-related bruising among older adults, including helpful body diagrams.
Building Partnerships among Law Enforcement Agencies, Colleges and Universities
Tools & Templates
Building Stronger Sexual Assault Services Through Collaboration
Articles or Reports
A Manual for Rape Crisis Programs and Communities in Texas for Developing Sexual Assault Coalitions.
Building Victim Assistance Networks with Faith Communities
Articles or Reports
This document summarizes how the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services (as part of the Office for Victims of Crime’s “Victim Services 2000 Demonstration Project”), established and sustained relationships with the faith community to improve victim services. It specifically addresses: the need for collaboration, victim needs from a faith-based perspective, elements of collaboration, lessons learned, and issues unique to faith-based victim assistance.
Bureau of Justice Statistics
Collects, analyzes, publishes, and disseminates information on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government.
Buzzed: The Straight Facts About the Most Used and Abused Drugs from Alcohol to Ecstasy (Fifth Edition)
Book | July 9, 2019
This no-nonsense handbook surveys the most used and abused drugs from caffeine to heroin to methamphetamine. In both quick-reference summaries and in-depth analysis, it reports on how these drugs enter the body, how they manipulate the brain, their short-term and long-term effects, the different “highs” they produce, and the circumstances in which they can be deadly. Neither a “just say no” treatise nor a “how-to” manual, Buzzed is based on the conviction that people make better decisions with accurate information in hand.
California Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) Manual
Articles or Reports, Training Modules, Other
Campus Climate Survey Validation Study
Articles or Reports | January 1, 2016
Presents the results of a 9-school pilot test conducted to develop a campus climate survey that collects school-level data on sexual victimization of undergraduate students. The report describes the development of the survey instrument and procedures for data collection, non-response bias analysis, weighting, and validity assessment. It presents estimates for each school on the prevalence and incidence of sexual assault, rape, and sexual battery during the 2014-2015 academic year, as well as characteristics of the victims and incidents. It also provides estimates of the prevalence of sexual assault since entering college and during the student’s lifetime. In addition, the report examines the relationship between measures of campus climate and rates of sexual victimization.
Care, Compassion, and Creativity: Trans Survivors and Forensic Exams
Medical forensic exams are difficult for anyone. Trans survivors face additional social, legal, and medical barriers to pursuing justice. This webinar explores how forensic nurse examiners and medical advocates can help trans survivors pursue evidence collection, minimizing barriers and increasing both physical and emotional comfort.
Caring for the Sexually Assaulted Patient When There is No SANE in Sight: A Training for ALL Healthcare Providers
This training provides clinicians with a greater understanding of the needs of patients that have been sexually assaulted or abused while improving the overall care and exam process for these patients. With the guidance conducted within this training, clinicians are more equipped to provide their patients with trauma-informed, patient-centered approach, affording the clinician an increased level of comfort with caring for this patient population.
Case File Review Guidebook
Articles or Reports | January 1, 2014
This Guidebook offers step-by-step recommendations to lead SART Coordinators through the process of reviewing law enforcement case files. It is designed to help identify areas where a SART is successful in its response to victims, and other areas where it can improve. Information is provided for each of the core agencies in the SART: Law Enforcement, Medical, Prosecution, Advocacy, and Probation. The Guidebook provides insights into how to make connections that help improve the criminal justice process for victims and agencies while also helping teams discover a multitude of opportunities and best practices to explore.
Case Law Digest: Rape Shield Laws
Articles or Reports | February 1, 2013
Rape Shield statutes have been enacted across the country to protect sexual assault victims from unnecessary embarrassment, and to help overcome their reluctance to testify based on the risk that their entire lives will be placed in judgment by the jury. Courts and legislatures have sought to consider the balance between the inflammatory or prejudicial nature of the evidence and the probative value of the evidence.
Center for Research on Women with Disabilities
Promotes, develops, and disseminates information to improve the health and expand the life choices of women with disabilities.
Center for Sex Offender Management
A national clearinghouse and technical assistance center that supports state and local jurisdictions in the effective management of sex offenders.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Conducts research, creates and evaluates the effectiveness of violence prevention programs, and helps state and local partners plan, implement, and evaluate prevention programs.
Challenges Faced by Homeless Sexual Minorities: Comparison of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Homeless Adolescents With Their Heterosexual Counterparts
Articles or Reports | May 1, 2002
Charging Considerations in the Prosecution of Marital Rape
Articles or Reports | September 1, 2019
This STRATEGIES In Brief describes the remaining legal exemptions to prosecuting marital rape and sets forth key considerations necessary to making accurate charging decisions in marital rape cases.
Charging Perverting the Course of Justice and Wasting Police Time in Cases Involving Allegedly False Rape and Domestic Violence Report
Articles or Reports | March 1, 2013
In a first-of-its-kind study, the Crown Prosecution Service in the UK released this research report and the accompanying recommendations on cases where someone is prosecuted for filing a false report of sexual assault, domestic violence, or both. (This charge is called “Perverting the Course of Justice” in the UK.) The report also outlines steps the Crown Prosecution planned to put in place as a result of the findings. This report shows that any such charge must be considered in the context of the total number of prosecutions brought for those offences. It also highlights the complex nature of these cases.
Child Sex Trafficking: Tools for Law Enforcement
Tools & Templates
The IACP, the FBI, and the Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, developed this training series to educate frontline officers on how to recognize and respond to victims of child sex trafficking.
Christian Power and Control Wheels with Scripture Verses
The Family Violence Council and Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Department adapted the Power/Control and Equality Wheels to include Christian scriptural references for the use of congregations. The two resulting Christian-specific wheels are entitled: “Power and Control of Women in Patriarchal Society” and “Women Created in God’s Image as Equal to Men.”