Resource Library

Resource Library

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729 resources.

Teen Dating Violence: How Peers Can Affect Risk & Protective Factors

Articles or Reports
Author:

This Research in Brief looks at the research from the perspective of one key emerging theme: Peers and the contexts in which peers interact can contribute to their risk for and protection against dating violence. Although we focus primarily on findings from NIJ-funded research, we also draw upon the broader literature on adolescent development and romantic relationships to show ways that teens shape each other’s experiences across the spectrum of entering into and leaving violent romantic relationships.

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Testing the Efficacy of SANE/SART Programs: Do They Make a Difference in Sexual Assault Arrest & Prosecution Outcomes?

Articles or Reports | May 1, 2006
Author: Other

The goal of this study is to test the efficacy of SANE/SART programs as a tool in the criminal justice system.

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The 2007 Survey of Law Enforcement Forensic Evidence Processing

Articles or Reports | October 1, 2009
Author:

In 2007, RTI International (RTI) was funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) to conduct the Survey of Law Enforcement Forensic Evidence Processing (LEFP). The primary objectives of the study were to (1) estimate the number of unsolved homicide, rape, and property cases in the United States that contained forensic evidence, but that were not submitted to a crime laboratory for analysis and (2) describe the policies and procedures used in law enforcement agencies for processing, submitting, and retaining forensic evidence.

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The Brain, Body, and Trauma

Training Modules | January 1, 2012
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This 1.5 hour course was written by Kelly Wilt and Janine D’Anniballe, produced by the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC).This course provides an overview of the neurobiological and psychological implications of sexually violent trauma and the information and skills necessary for victim service providers to provide trauma-informed services.

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The Crime of Human Trafficking: 3-Part Role Call Training Video

Videos | September 16, 2015
Author:

Roll-Call Training Video to be used in conjunction with the guidebook on human trafficking. This award-winning video was created to assist law enforcement in identification and investigation of this emerging crime, offer direction on how to best assist victims, and provide an overview of federal laws. The video can be shown in three 8-10 minute segments and includes a discussion guide. The IACP video recently won the top prize at the 2007 Law Enforcement and Emergency Services Video Association (LEVA) Gold Shield Awards in the category of Specialized Productions.

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The Crime Victim’s Right to Be Present

Articles or Reports | November 1, 2001
Author:

The Crime Victim’s Right To Be Present, the third in the series, provides an overview of state laws addressing the rights of victims to attend criminal justice proceedings, particularly trials, and how their presence might affect the rights of defendants. This bulletin and the others in the Legal Series highlight various circumstances in which relevant laws are applied, emphasizing their successful implementation.

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The Critical Need for Law Enforcement Agencies to Identify Gender Bias

Webinars | October 10, 2017
Author:

This is the first in the IACP’s “Balancing the Scales of Justice” webinar series.

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The Danger Assessment

Tools & Templates
Author: Other

Helps to determine the level of danger an abused women has of being killed by her intimate partner. It is available in a variety of languages.

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The Detroit Sexual Assault Kit Action Research Project, Final Report

Articles or Reports | December 1, 2015
Author: Other

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The Earthquake in Sexual Assault Response: Police Leadership Can Increase Victim Reporting to Hold More Perpetrators Accountable

Articles or Reports | September 1, 2010
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In this article the authors provide information to help law enforcement personnel and other community professionals design a response system that goes beyond simple compliance wit the “letter of the law” and actually create a model for best practices that achieve the honorable “spirit of the law” enacted with this VAWA 2005 provision.

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The Economic Cost of Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking Fact Sheet

Articles or Reports
Author:

Intimate partner violence (IPV), sexual assault, and stalking have profound economic effects on victims and survivors. The physical aspects of violence often result in significant medical costs and time off from work. The long-term psychological consequences may hinder victims’ ability to study or hold a job; in some cases, perpetrators directly sabotage their victims’ employment. Economic abuse, which can take a range of forms—including preventing access to financial resources and generating unauthorized debt—can leave victims facing economic insecurity and poor credit. Seeking safety is often financially prohibitive, reducing a victim’s ability to leave the abuser and recover.

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The Effect of DNA Databases on Crime

Articles or Reports | November 1, 2011
Author: Other

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The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs

Articles or Reports | November 1, 2004
Author:

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The Highly Trained Batterer: Prevention, Investigation, and Prosecution of Officer Involved Domestic Violence

Articles or Reports | February 1, 2015
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Officer-involved domestic violence poses unique dangers for the victim and threatens the mission and morale of the department. Departmental leaders, officers, advocates, investigators, and prosecutors must work together to prevent domestic violence within the ranks of the department, to provide effective interventions, and to provide swift, sure, and effective response to incidents in a way that will maximize victim safety and offender accountability, and promote
public confidence in the department’s integrity.

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The Investigating Officer’s Direct Exam: Strategic and Tactical Considerations to Take Advantage of the IO’s Expertise

Training Bulletins | June 1, 2018
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This training bulletin provides a basic introduction to the role of direct examination with an investigating officer (IO) during a sexual assault trial. Discussion focuses on how to best utilize testimony from the investigating officer, including offering the investigating officer’s testimony as an expert witness.

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The Investigation and Prosecution of Strangulation Cases

Articles or Reports | January 1, 2013
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Survivors of non-fatal strangulation have known for years what prosecutors and civil attorneys are only recently learning: Many domestic violence offenders and rapists do not strangle their partners to kill them; they strangle them to let them know they can kill them—any time they wish. Once victims know this truth, they live under the power and control of their abuser day in and day out.

This complex reality creates challenges for prosecutors who have to decide whether to prosecute non-fatal strangulation cases as attempted murders or serious felony assaults.

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The MetLife study of Elder Financial Abuse: Crimes of Occasion, Desperation, and Predation Against America’s Elders

Articles or Reports | June 1, 2011
Author: Other

In 2009, the MetLife Mature Market Institute, in collaboration with the National Committee for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (NCPEA), and the Center for Gerontology at Virginia Tech, released a groundbreaking study to provide a comprehensive understanding of the extent and implications of elder financial abuse. The study, Broken Trust: Elders, Family, and Finances, consisted of a review of the scholarly and professional literature and an in-depth analysis of newsfeed articles from April through June 2008. It was designed to provide easily accessible and well-researched information specifically focused on the problem of elder financial abuse.

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The Nature and Extent of Gang Involvement in Sex Trafficking in San Diego County

Articles or Reports | April 1, 2016
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In 2011, San Diego County created the multi-agency San Diego County Regional Human Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Advisory Council with the objective to reduce human trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children in San Diego County and the Mexico border region through prevention, prosecution, protection and partnerships. As co-chairs of the Research and Data Sub-Committee of this advisory council, Drs. Carpenter and Gates were asked to pursue a research agenda that would help develop robust measures of the scope of human trafficking in San Diego County. Of particular interest to the County Advisory Council was empirical evidence of the suspected relationship between gangs and human trafficking.

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The Polygraph and Lie Detection

Book | January 1, 2003
Author: Other

The book looks at:
* The theory of how the polygraph works and evidence about how deceptiveness—and other psychological conditions—affect the physiological responses that the polygraph measures.

* Empirical evidence on the performance of the polygraph and the success of subjects’ countermeasures.

* The actual use of the polygraph in the arena of national security, including its role in deterring threats to security.

The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternatives—such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.

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The Prosecutor’s Reference: Medical Forensic Examination and the Role of SANEs in Cases Involving Audit Victims

Articles or Reports | December 1, 2010
Author:

The Prosecutor’s Reference: Medical Forensic Examination and the Role of SANEs in Cases Involving Adult Victims

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The Prosecutors Resource – Crawford and its Progeny

Articles or Reports | October 1, 2012
Author:

There are many barriers to victims’ participation in the prosecution of their abusers. When prosecuting a domestic violence case with a non-participating victim (one who either is not in court, or who is in court but is “unavailable” by reason of refusal to testify, exercise of a privilege, illness, or incompetency) the prosecutor must anticipate a challenge under Crawford v. Washington2 to the introduction of the victim’s out-of-court statements. Crawford and its progeny are landmark cases that address the admissibility of out-of-court statements based upon an accused’s Sixth Amendment right to confrontation. Crawford analysis applies with equal force to the State’s introduction of out-of-court statements by non-victim witnesses, and it therefore has implications for the admissibility of forensic evidence, generally requiring the in-court testimony of the analyst who actually performed any examinations or testing procedures.

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