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EVAWI > Resources > Best Practices > Exam Timelines
Timelines for Conducting a Medical Forensic Exam

Many community protocols specify a certain timeline for how many hours after a sexual assault incident a medical forensic examination will be conducted. The timeline is commonly in the range of 72, 96, or 120 hours. While the longest of these (120 hours) can be used as a general guideline, best practice is for each sexual assault to be evaluated on a case by case basis. The question of whether or not to conduct an exam should be based on the facts of the case, the victim’s history, the likelihood of recovering evidence, and the types of evidence that will be needed for successful prosecution. This issue is discussed in detail in an article published in Sexual Assault Report, Volume 10, Number 3, January/February 2007, p 33-47.

National Protocol

The issue of timelines for evidence collection is also discussed in the A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations (2013) (adults/adolescents), published by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.

New England Journal of Medicine

Exam timelines are also discussed in an article in the New England Journal of Medicine, entitled Care of the Adult Patient after Sexual Assault. It was written by Judith A. Linden and appeared in the September 2011 edition, Volume 365, Number 9, p. 834-841.

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